Volume 5, Issue 3 (12-2006)                   JRUMS 2006, 5(3): 175-180 | Back to browse issues page


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Atashzadeh Shoorideh F. Frequency of Gestational Diabetes and Its Related Factors in Pregnant Women in Prenatal Clinics of Educational Hospitals, in Tehran (Oct 2000-March 2002). JRUMS. 2006; 5 (3) :175-180
URL: http://journal.rums.ac.ir/article-1-193-en.html

Abstract:   (11622 Views)
Frequency of Gestational Diabetes and Its Related Factors in Pregnant Women in Prenatal Clinics of Educational Hospitals, in Tehran (Oct 2000-March 2002) F. Atashzadeh Shoorideh MSc Received: 04/10/05 Sending for Revision: 13/05/06 Receiving Revised Manuscript: 16/08/06 Accepted: 28/08/06 Background and Objective: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a metabolic disorder of carbohydrates which is first diagnosed during pregnancy. It could remain undetected without screening tests therefore, lead to severe effects on both mother and fetus. The aim of this study was to estimate the frequncy of GDM and some of its related factors in pregnant women who referred to the obstetrical clinics of educational Hospitals in Tehran from October 2000 to March 2002. Materials and Methods: In this cross- sectional study (during 18 months from Oct 2000 to March 2002) 2221 pregnant women were evaluated regarding medical history, risk factors for GDM, and physical examination. Fasting blood sugar (FBS) oral glucose challenge test (OGCT) and taking 50gr glucose were performed. The cut off point of screening tests was 130mg/dl glucose. All cases with positive screening tests underwent for three hours, OGTT with 100gr glucose. Results: The frequency of GDM in our study was 4.8% (CI 95%, 3.9-5.7%) according to the Carpenter Coustan criteria. The mean age of GDM group (27.445.85 years) was significantly higher than non GDM group (25.955.5 years). The mean of body mass index (BMI) were significantly higher in the GDM group, compared to the non GDM group (p<0.05). The three risk factors of age ≥25 years (p<0.01), history of familial diabetes (χ2=27.125) and BMI≥27Kg/m2 were correlated with GDM (p<0.05). Conclusion: According to the results of this study, it seems that the frequency of GDM is relatively high and screening of all pregnant women for GDM, regardless of the risk factors for GDM or clinical manifestations of diabetes, is necessary. Key words: Frequency, Gestational Diabetes Mellitus, Risk Factors
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Nursing
Received: 2007/01/9

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