Volume 13, Issue 1 (5-2014)                   JRUMS 2014, 13(1): 67-82 | Back to browse issues page

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Rezaeian M, Goujani R, Sheikh Fathollahi M, Vaziri Nejad R, Manshori A, Razi S. A Comparative Study on Prevalence of Preterm Birth and Low Birth Weight in Iranians and Afghans Races in Rafsanjan Nik-Nafs Hospital in 2011-2012. JRUMS. 2014; 13 (1) :67-82
URL: http://journal.rums.ac.ir/article-1-2012-en.html
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A Comparative Study on Prevalence of Preterm Birth and Low Birth Weight in Iranians and Afghans Races in Rafsanjan Nik-Nafs Hospital in 2011-2012

R. Goujani[1], M. Rezaeian[2], M. Sheikh Fathollahi[3], R. Vaziri Nejad[4], A. Manshoori[5], S. Razi1

Received: 05/06/2013      Sent for Revision: 25/01/2014      Received Revised Manuscript: 08/02/2014     Accepted: 24/02/2014

Background and Objective: Preterm birth and low birth weight are considered as causes of morbidity and mortality, developmental disorders and child abnormalities. Since health outcomes differ on ethno-racial groups and there is little information among hand with regards to the said matter in Iran, this study was designed to survey the preterm and low birth weight prevalence on Iranian and Afghan nationalities.

Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out on 5925 Iranian and Afghan live births which delivered in Rafsanjan Nik-Nafs hospital on 2011-2012. Data was collected via use of delivery records of hospital medical documentary unit. The  criterion for preterm birth was gestational age less than 37 weeks, and for low birth weight was birth weight less than 2500 grams. For data analysis, independent two-sample t-test, chi-square and Fisher's exact tests were used.

Results: overal, 5532 infants (93.4%) were Iranian and 393 infant (6.6%) were Afghan. Preterm birth prevalence was 7.5% (447 cases), so that 7.1% (391 cases) and 14.5% (56 cases) were Iranian and Afghan respectively (p<0.001). In the present study, low birth weight prevalence was 7% (416 cases) out of which 6.7% (367 cases) were Iranian and 12.7% (49 cases) were Afghan (p<0.001).

Conclusion: Since high prevalence of preterm birth and low birth weight were seen among the Afghan refugees, it appears that race and different factors such as: lack of proper insurance, availablity of health services and a lower socio-economic status are in linked with this increase.

Key words: Preterm birth, Low birth weight, Race, Iranians, Afghans

Funding: This research was funded by Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences.

Conflict of Interest: None declared.

Ethical approval: The Ethics Committee of Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences approved the study.

How to cite this article: Goujani R, Rezaeian M, Sheikh Fathollahi M, Manshori A, Vaziri Nejad R, Razi S. Comparative prevalence study of preterm birth and low birth weight in Iranian and Afghan in Rafsanjan Nik-Nafs hospital in 2011-2012. J Rafsanjan Univ Med Sci 2014; 13(1): 67-82. [Farsi]

 

[1]- MSc Students of Epidemiology, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran

   (Corresponding Author): Tel: (0391) 5234003, Fax: (0391) 5225209, E-mail: moeymr2@yahoo.com

[2]- Prof., Dept. of Social Medicine and Environmental Research Center, Medical School, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran

(Corresponding Author) Tel: (0391) 5225209, Fax: (0391) 5234003, E-mail: moeygmr2@yahoo.co.uk

[3]- Assistant Prof., Dept. of Social Medicine and Environmental Research Center, Medical School, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran

[4]- Prof., Dept. of Social Medicine and Environmental Research Center, Medical School, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran

[5]- Assistant Prof. Dept. of Gynecology, Rafsanjan University of Medical Scienses, Rafsanjan, Iran

Type of Study: Description | Subject: Statistics& Epidemiology
Received: 2013/12/29 | Accepted: 2014/05/21 | Published: 2014/05/21

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