Volume 13, Issue 4 (10-2014)                   JRUMS 2014, 13(4): 323-338 | Back to browse issues page

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Razi S, VaziriNejad R, Rezaeian M, Sheikh Fathollahi M, Manshouri A, Goujani R et al . Survey of Birth Weight in Newborns among Mothers with and Without a Common Underlying Disease in Rafsanjan Niknafs Maternity in 2011-2012. JRUMS. 2014; 13 (4) :323-338
URL: http://journal.rums.ac.ir/article-1-2047-en.html
Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences
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Survey of Birth Weight in Newborns among Mothers with and without a Common Underlying Disease in Rafsanjan Niknafs Maternity in 2011-2012

S. Razi[1], R. VaziriNejad[2], M. Rezaeian[3], M. Sheikh Fathollahi[4], A. Manshouri[5], R. Goujani1, B. Hassanloei1

Received: 21/01/2014           Sent for Revision: 01/02/2014           Received Revised Manuscript: 01/03/2014           Accepted: 08/04/2014

Background and Objectives: Birth weight is the most important indicator of infant’s health and this critical index is directly related to mother's health. Hence, knowledge of maternal diseases can be considered as an effective factor in maintaining infant ideal weight. Therefore, this study was addressed to investigate the association between maternal diseases and birth weight.

Materials and Methods: This descriptive study was conducted on Rafsanjan-Niknafs maternity in 2011-2012. The inclusion criteria were being Iranian, live births, gestational age of 22 weeks and above and birth weight of >500 g. Data were collected by questionnaires and analyzed by statistical tests including independent t-test, chi-square test, Fisher's exact test, one-way ANOVA and multiple linear regression.

Results: In given sample, 4193 (83.6%) mothers were healthy and 825 (16.4%) mothers had underlying diseases. The average and standard deviation of age in healthy and diseased mothers were 27.37 ± 5.14 and 29.99 ± 5.59 years old, respectively (p<0.001). There was found a significant difference between mother’s diseases and birth weight, as infant weight gain of healthy mothers was 89 (2.2%), of diabetics 25 (5.8%), of the hypertensive 10 (4.4%), and of mothers who had more than one disease 4 (5.8%) (p<0.001). Also, low birth weight (LBW) in healthy mothers, in mothers with diabetes, hypertension, and in mothers with more than one disease was 6.3%, 4.9%, 17.8%, and 7.2%, respectively (p<0.001).

Conclusion: Given the high prevalence of weight disorders in Rafsanjan and the impact of mother’s diseases on this important health index, it is necessary to identify and provide special control care for mothers during pregnancy.

Key words: Gestational diabetes, Hypertension, Hypothyroidism, Birth weight

Funding: This research was funded by Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences.

Conflict of interest: None declared.

Ethical approval: The Ethics Committee of Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences approved the study.

How to cite this article: Razi S, VaziriNejad R, Rezaeian M, Sheikh Fathollahi M, Manshouri A, Goujani R, Hassanloei B. Survey of Birth Weight in Newborns among Mothers with and Without a Common Underlying Disease in Rafsanjan Niknafs Maternity in 2011-2012. J RafsanjanUniv Med Sci 2014; 13(4): 323-38. [Farsi]

 

[1]- MSc Student of Epidemiology, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran

2- Prof., Dept. of Social Medicine and Environment, Social Determinats of Health Research Center, Medical School, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran

(Corresponding Author) Tel: (034) 34264003, Fax: (034) 34255209, E-mail: rvazirinejad@yahoo.co.uk

[3]- Prof., Dept. of Social Medicine and Occupational Environment Research Center, Medical School, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran

[4]- Assistant Prof., Dept. of Social Medicine and Occupational Environment Research Center, Medical School, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran

[5]- Assistant Prof., Dept. of Gynecology, Rafsanjan University of Medical Science, Rafsanjan, Iran

Type of Study: Research | Subject: Statistics& Epidemiology
Received: 2014/01/16 | Accepted: 2014/10/26 | Published: 2014/10/26

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