Volume 13, Issue 8 (1-2015)                   JRUMS 2015, 13(8): 669-682 | Back to browse issues page


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Chahardoli M, Mahmoodi M, Hajizadeh M, Khoramdel Azad H, Khoshdel A, Mirzaei M. Effect of Aloe Vera Hydroalcoholic Extract on Blood Glucose, Serum Insulin and the Key Enzymes in Metabolic Pathways of Glycolysis and Gluconeogenesis in Hepatocytes of Type 1 Diabetic Rats. JRUMS. 2015; 13 (8) :669-682
URL: http://journal.rums.ac.ir/article-1-2296-en.html

Professor Department of Biochemistry, Biophysics and Genetics, Faculty of Medicine, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences
Abstract:   (3849 Views)

Background and Objective: Recently, it is considered the role of hypoglycemic agents specially medicinal plants derivatives in treatment of diabetes mellitus. Aloe Vera contains phenolic compounds and flavonoids with antioxidant properties that reduces the complications of the disease.The aim of study was to investigate the effects of hydroalcoholic extract of Aloe Vera in serum levels of glucose and insulin and key enzymes in metabolic pathways of glycolysis and gluconeogenesis in streptozotocin-induced diabetic Wistar rats.

Materials and Methods: A total of 50 rats (initial weight of 220 ±10 g) were divided into five groups. Two months after treatment with Aloe Vera extract, the rats were sacrificed and blood glucose and serum insulin levels were measured. It was also isolated the liver then, extracted mRNA from it, expression levels of Glucokinase and Phosphoenol pyruvate carboxy kinase enzymes were measured by Real Time PCR.

Results: The results showed that the extract of Aloe Vera at doses of 100, 200 and 400 mg/kg increase insulin secretion (p<0.05), hypoglycemia (p<0.001), increasing expression of Glucokinase enzyme (p<0.05) and reducing  expression of the Phosphoenol pyruvate carboxy kinase enzyme (p<0.05) in diabetic rats.

Conclusion: Not only dose Aloe Vera hydroalcoholic extract influence on insulin secretion, it also affects on key enzymes gene expression of Glycolysis and Gluconeogenesis pathways. Hence, this extract can be effective for improvement of diabetic complications.

Key words: Glycolysis and Gluconeogenesis pathways key enzymes, Streptozotocin, Aloe Vera, Rat

 

Funding: This research was funded by Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences.

Conflict of interest: None declared.

Ethical approval: The Ethics Committee of Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences approved the study.

 

How to cite this article: Chahardoli M, Mahmoodi M, Hajizadeh MR, Khoramdel Azad H, Khoshdel AR, Mirzae MR. Effect of Aloe Vera Hydroalcoholic Extract on Blood Glucose, Serum Insulin and the Key Enzymes in Metabolic Pathways of Glycolysis and Gluconeogenesis in Hepatocytes of Type 1 Diabetic Rats. J RafsanjanUniv Med Sci 2014 13(8): 668-82 [Farsi]


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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Biochemistry
Received: 2014/09/9 | Accepted: 2015/01/19 | Published: 2015/01/19

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