Volume 13, Number 8 (1-2015)                   JRUMS 2015, 13(8): 715-724 | Back to browse issues page


XML Persian Abstract Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Rezaeian M, Zare-Bidaki M, Bakhtar M, Afsharmanesh K. Comparison of the Critical Thinking Skills among Medical Students in Different Educational Levels in Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences in 2013. JRUMS. 2015; 13 (8) :715-724
URL: http://journal.rums.ac.ir/article-1-2297-en.html

Abstract:   (2469 Views)

Background and Objective: Critical thinking is one of the most important types of thinking and a necessary skill for accurate decision-making. The aim of this study's to investigate and compare the critical thinking disposition in various educational levels of medical students of Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences.

Materials and Methods:In this cross-sectional study Ricketts Critical Thinking Disposition Inventory (CTDI) questionnaire accompanied by some demographic and educational questions were used. The questionnaires were submitted to 250 students of whom 165 (66%) were finally returned the completed questionnaire. Data were analyzed using statistical tests including Correlation, Student’s t and ANOVA.

Results: The mean score of critical thinking disposition in 165 students participating in our study was determined to be equal to 11.22±1.31. The critical thinking in male students was statistically higher than female ones (11.41±1.34 versus 10.94±1.21). There was a weak but significant reverse correlation between critical thinking disposition score and students’ mean scores of passed lessons (r=-0.156, p=0.045). Furthermore, mean scores of the maturity and engagement subscales significantly differed in various educational levels (p≤0.05 and p=0.02, respectively).

Conclusion: Critical thinking disposition in medical students of Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences was relatively estimated satisfactory, compared to many other Iranian universities however it seems that the need for teaching and applying the critical thinking skills is especially more imperative for internship students.

Key words: Critical thinking, Maturity, Engagement, Medical students

 

Funding: This research was funded by Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences.

Conflict of interest: None declared.

Ethical approval: The Ethics Committee of Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences

 

How to cite this article: Rezaeian M, Zare-Bidaki M, Bakhtar M, Afsharmanesh K. Comparison of the Critical Thinking Skills among Medical Students in Different Educational Levels in Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences in 2013. J Rafsanjan Univ Med Sci 2014 13(9): 715-24. [Farsi]

Full-Text [PDF 208 kb]   (976 Downloads) |   |   Full-Text (HTML)  (62 Views)  
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Statistics& Epidemiology
Received: 2014/09/9 | Accepted: 2015/01/20 | Published: 2015/01/20

Add your comments about this article : Your username or email:
Write the security code in the box

Send email to the article author


© 2015 All Rights Reserved | Journal of Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb