Volume 15, Issue 2 (5-2016)                   JRUMS 2016, 15(2): 115-128 | Back to browse issues page


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Rahmani K, Hashemi Nazari S, Ghadirzadeh M. Trend Analysis of Traffic Accidents Deaths in Iran During 2006 – 2012: Hospital or Pre-Hospital Occurred Deaths. JRUMS. 2016; 15 (2) :115-128
URL: http://journal.rums.ac.ir/article-1-2862-en.html

Shahid Beheshti university of medical sciences
Abstract:   (1648 Views)

Background and Objectives: Road Traffic Injuries (RTI) in Iran is considered as a major health problem and a major cause of mortality. In the present study we attempted to assess the traffic fatalities trend and potential factors related to the hospital and pre-hospital deaths during years 2006 to 2012, in Iran.

Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, we analyzed all deaths resulted from RTI (including hospital and pre-hospital deaths) during years 2006 to 2012 in Iran. The pattern of RTI occurrence was specified and then logistic regression was used to evaluate the association between potential factors related to pre-hospital deaths in comparison with hospital deaths.

Results: During the years 2006 - 2012, in Iran 159,227 people died in traffic accidents, with  the mean age of 37 years (and  the standard deviation of 20.5) which 20.83% and 79.17% of them were females and males, respectively. Deaths from traffic accidents have decreased over these years, from 27,567 in 2006 to 19,089 in 2012. There was a significant association between sex and hospital/pre-hospital deaths and men more than women died before reaching the hospitals. Also pre-hospital deaths were increased with increasing of age: OR=1.005 (p<0.001). RTI deaths occurred before reaching the hospital were more in the years of 2009, 2010 and 2011 compared to the year of 2006.

Conclusion: It may be concluded that despite the decreaing pattern in the trend of RTI deaths in Iran in the years of the study, there was observed no decrease in the pre-hospital deaths compared to the hospital deaths More attention to the pre-hospital care and also conducting of local studies is essential in Iran.

Key words: Road traffic injuries, Mortality, Pre-hospital, Hospital, Iran

Funding: This research was funded by Safety Promotion and Injury Prevention Research Center in Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences.

Conflict of interest: None declared.

Ethical approval: The Ethics Committee of Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences approved the study

How to cite this article: Rahmani Kh, Hashemi Nazari SS, Ghadirzadeh MR. Trend Analysis of Traffic Accidents Deaths in Iran During 2006 – 2012: Hospital or Pre-Hospital Occurred Deaths. J Rafsanjan Univ Med Sci 2016; 15(2): 115-28. [Farsi]

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Type of Study: Applicable | Subject: Environmental Health
Received: 2015/08/29 | Accepted: 2016/04/26 | Published: 2016/05/15

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