Volume 14, Number 12 (2-2016)                   JRUMS 2016, 14(12): 1085-1094 | Back to browse issues page


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Motamed Rezaei O, Moodi M, Tiyuri A, Zar Shenas F, Sharifi M. Prevalence of Obesity and its Relationship with Food Habits Among 10-14 Years Old School Boys in Birjand, 2014: A Short Report. JRUMS. 2016; 14 (12) :1085-1094
URL: http://journal.rums.ac.ir/article-1-2923-en.html

MS.c Student of Epidemiology
Abstract:   (2486 Views)

Background and Objectives: Obesity with the growing trend in children and adolescents is a global health problem and food habits have an important role in obesity of children and adolescents. The aim of the present study was to determine the prevalence of obesity and its relationship with food habits among 10-14 years old school boys in Birjand.

Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in 2014 on 270 boys of the fourth, fifth and sixth grades of primary schools of Birjand who were selected through cluster random sampling. Data collection was carried out using Food Frequency Questionnaire with questions about food habits and demographic variables, through interviews and measurements of height and weight. Data was analyzed using chi-square test, t test and one- way ANOVA and Pearson's correlation coefficient.

Results: Ten percant of the students suffered from overweight and 5.6% were obese. The findings showed that there was a significant and positive correlation between Body Mass Index (BMI) and the number of daily intake of bread and cereals (r=0.17, p=0.006), milk (r=0.21, p=0.001) and meat substitutes (r=0.24, p<0.001) and there was a significant relationship between BMI and age of students (r=0.13, p=0.037), mothers' educational level (p=0.038) and fathers' job (p=0.018).

Conclusion: Given the considerable prevalence of overweight and obesity in students, planing and implying appropriate interventions in order to modify food habits and prevent of growing trend of overweight and obesity, seems necessary.

Key words: Obesity, Food habits, Students, Prevalence, Birjand

Funding: This study was funded by Birjand University of Medical Sciences.

Conflict of interest: None declared.

Ethical approval: The Ethics Committee of Birjand University of Medical Sciences approved the study.

How to cite this article: O. Motamed Rezaei, M. Moodi, A. Tiyuri, F. Zar Shenas, M. Sharifi. Prevalence of obesity and its Relationship with Food Habits Among 10-14 Years Old School Boys in Birjand, 2014: A Short Report. J RafsanjanUniv Med Sci 2016; 14(12): 1085-94. [Farsi]

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Environmental Health
Received: 2015/10/4 | Accepted: 2016/01/19 | Published: 2016/03/7

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