Volume 15, Issue 2 (5-2016)                   JRUMS 2016, 15(2): 151-164 | Back to browse issues page


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Bagheri-Nesami M, Esmaeili R, Tajari M. Frequency of Non Injectable Medication Administration Errors in Nurses of Cardiac Critical Care Units in Mazandaran Province in 2014. JRUMS. 2016; 15 (2) :151-164
URL: http://journal.rums.ac.ir/article-1-2948-en.html

Critical Care Nursing Graduate Student Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences
Abstract:   (1794 Views)

Background and Objectives: The dangerous events caused by medication errors are one of the main challenges faced in critical care units. The present study was conducted to determine the frequency of non-injectable medication administration errors and their causes in nurses of cardiac critical care units in Mazandaran province.

Materials and Methods: The present cross-sectional study was conducted in the critical care units (CCUs and cardiac surgery intensive care units) of 12 teaching hospitals. Of the total of 240 nurses working in these departments, 192 participated in the present study. The data collection tools used in this study included 3 questionnaires. The data obtained were analyzed by using descriptive statistics such as absolute frequency, relative frequency, mean and standard deviation.

Results: The nurses reported 145 non-injectable medication administration errors. The most common non-injectable medication error pertained to administering the wrong dose (n=56 and 38.6%). As for the causes of non-injectable medication administration errors, 43.5% of the errors were associated with transcription, 25.5% with communication, 17.2% with work conditions, 11% with packaging and 2.8% with pharmacies. Of all the non-injectable medication errors committed, 90.3% had no consequences for the patients.

Conclusion: According to the results, strategies are recommended to be adopted for reducing or limiting medication errors, such as building a stronger pharmacology knowledge base in nurses and nursing students, improving work conditions and improving communication between the nurses and physicians.

Key words: Medication errors, Drug use errors, Use errors, Related factors

Funding: This research was funded by Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences.

Conflict of interest: None declared.

Ethical approval: The Ethics Committee of  Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences approved the study.

How to cite this article: Bagheri-Nesami M, Esmaeili R, Tajari M. Frequency of Non-Injectable Medication Administration Errors in Nurses of Cardiac Critical Care Units in Mazandaran Province in 2014. J RafsanjanUniv Med Sci 2016; 15(2): 151-64. [Farsi]

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Type of Study: Description | Subject: Nursing
Received: 2015/10/15 | Accepted: 2016/05/7 | Published: 2016/05/23

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