Volume 15, Issue 11 (2-2017)                   JRUMS 2017, 15(11): 1039-1048 | Back to browse issues page

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Zazouli M, Ghorbanpour R. The Efficiency of Grape Seeds in Removal of Hexavalent Chromium from Aqueous Solutions. JRUMS. 2017; 15 (11) :1039-1048
URL: http://journal.rums.ac.ir/article-1-3454-en.html
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The Efficiency of Grape Seeds in Removal of Hexavalent

Chromium from Aqueous Solutions

M.A. Zazouli[1], R. Ghorbanpour[2]

Received: 24/09/2016  Sent for Revision:19/10/2016     Received Revised Manuscript: 1/1/2017      Accepted: 16/01/2017

Background and Objective: Chromium (Cr6+) is a heavy metal which is present in industries sewages likecladding, mining, and in various concentrations. Cr6+ compared with Cr3+ is so toxic, carcinogenic,and mutagenic. Thus the aim of this study was to evaluate the efficiency of 3 types of grape seeds in adsorbing Cr6+ from aqueous solutions and determining its isotherms and kinetics.

Materials and Methods: This was an experimental study. The seeds of the three types of grapes were used as adsorbent. In this study the effects of different variables such as pH, initial chromium concentration, adsorbent dosage, and contact time were studied in a batch system. Measuring the concentration of hexavalent chromium was performed using a spectrophotometer at 540 nm.

Results: The results showed that the removal efficiency decreases with increasing pH and contact time. Alternatively, by increasing adsorbent dosage, efficiency increases for 3types of adsorbents. So that all three types of adsorbents in dosage of 0.3 mg showed 80% removal efficiency Also in the initial chromium concentration, using adsorbent in dosage of 0.2 mg/L in the pH = 3,  the obtained efficiency was more than 80% for each absorbent.

Conclusion: According to the results, the grape seeds can be effective adsorbents for the removal of hexavalent chromium from their aquatic environment. Likewise using this adsorbent is much easier and cheaper comparedwith many other natural and artificial adsorbents, which marks its priority.


Key words: Grape seeds, Aqueous solution, Cr6+, Adsorption.

Funding: This research was funded by Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences.

Conflict of interest: None declared.

Ethical approval: The Ethics Committee of Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences approved the study.

How to cite this article: Zazouli M.A, Ghorbanpour R. The Efficiency of Grape Seeds in Removal of Hexavalent Chromium from Aqueous Solutions. J Rafsanjan Univ Med Sci 2017; 15(11): 1039-48. [Farsi]


  1. - Associate Prof., Faculty Member, Department of Environmental Health Engineering, Health Sciences Research Center, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran
  1. - MSc Student of Environmental Health Engineering, Dept. of Environmental Health, Student Research Committee, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran

   (Corresponding Author) Tel: (058) 32247281, Fax: (058) 32247281, E-mail: ghorbanpoor.reza@gmail.com

Type of Study: Applicable | Subject: Environmental Health
Received: 2016/09/5 | Accepted: 2017/01/16 | Published: 2017/02/18

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