Background and Objective: Neuropsychological dysfunction is one of the basic factors in the severe mental disorders such as schizophrenia and depression disorders. Accordingly, this study aimed to compare the neuropsychological dysfunctions in patients with schizophrenia disorders, depression disorder and normal individuals.
Materials and Methods: Current study was a descriptive study that the statistical population included all male patients with schizophrenia and depression in Isar and Fatemi hospital of Ardabil city in 2016 (N=65). The sample consisted of 30 schizophrenic patients and 30 depressed patients that were sampled by census method and were compared with 30 normal objects. Data was collected using Wechsler Memory Scale (WMS-R), Go/ No go Test, and Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST). Data was analyzed using multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) and Least Significant Difference (LSD).
Results: The results showed that neuropsychological dysfunctions such as memory, response inhibition, and cognitive flexibility in schizophrenic patients were less than depressed patients (p<0.05), and in depressed ones less than normal people (p<0.05).
Conclusion: These results showed that neuropsychological dysfunctions play an important role in the pathology of schizophrenia and depression disorders and can be important therapeutic targets in the treatment and rehabilitation.
Key words: Neuropsychological Dysfunction, Memory Function, Response Inhibition, Cognitive flexibility, Ardabil
Funding: There was no fund for this article. This article did not have any Funds.
Conflict of interest: None declared.
Ethical approval: The Ethics Committee of University of Mohaghegh Ardabili approved the study...
How to cite this article: Atadokht A, Majdy N, Hajloo N, Abolghasemi A. Comparison of Neuropsychological Dysfunctions in Male Patients with Schizophrenia Disorder, Major Depression Disorder and Normal Individuals in Ardabil City in 2016. J Rafsanjan Univ Med Sci 2017; 16(1): 31-46. [Farsi]