Volume 16, Issue 5 (9-2017)                   JRUMS 2017, 16(5): 395-408 | Back to browse issues page


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Sadoughi M, Mehrzad V, Mohammad Salehi Z. The Relationship between Anxiety, Depression, and Quality of Life among Breast Cancer Patients in Seyedoshohada Hospital in Isfahan in 2016: The Mediating Role of Resilience. JRUMS. 2017; 16 (5) :395-408
URL: http://journal.rums.ac.ir/article-1-3724-en.html

assistant professor University of Kashan
Abstract:   (573 Views)

Background and Objective: While being diagnosed with breast cancer can cause psychological disturbances for patients and decrease their quality of life, resilience can evidently act as a protective factor. The purpose of the current study was to explore the relationship between anxiety, depression, and quality of life among women with breast cancer by considering the mediating role of resilience.
Materials and Methods: In the present descriptive study, 92 female patients with breast cancer admitted in Seyedoshohada Hospital, Isfahan, were selected through convenience sampling. The participants filled out cancer patient Quality of life Questionnaire, Hospital Anxiety Depression Scale, and Block & Kremen Ego Resiliency Scale. Descriptive statistics and inferential statistics including Pearson product -moment correlation and hierarchical regression analysis were used in SPSS (version 22) to analyze the data.
Results: The mean of anxiety was 10.81±3.46, the mean of depression was 8.56±4.04, the mean of resilience was 45.57±8.89, and the mean of quality of life was 62.95±18.46. The results indicated that there wasa statistically significant relationship between these patients’ quality of life and their depression (r=-0.74, p<.001), anxiety (r=-0.60, p<.001), and resilience (r=0.45, p<.001). The hierarchical regression analysis results showed that resilience had a mediating role in the relationship between anxiety and depression, in one hand, and the quality of life, in the other hand, among these patients.
Conclusion: Anxiety and depression can decrease breast cancer patients’ quality of life. However, resilience can moderate this effect. Hence, it seems along with medical treatments, appropriate psychological interventions by psychologists, nurses, and social workers for enhancing resilience can have a significant role in improving breast cancer patients’ quality of life.
Key words: Breast cancer, Anxiety, Depression, Quality of life, Resilience, Isfahan
 
Funding: This study did not have any funds.
Conflict of interest: None declared.
Ethical approval: The Ethics Committee of University of Kashan approved the study.
 
How to cite this article: Sadoughi M, Mehrzad V, Mohammad Z. SalehiThe Relationship between Anxiety, Depression, and Quality of Life among Breast Cancer Patients in Seyedoshohada Hospital in Isfahan in 2016: The Mediating Role of Resilience. J Rafsanjan Univ Med Sci 2017; 16(5): 395-408. [Farsi]
 

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Oncology
Received: 2017/03/3 | Accepted: 2017/09/13 | Published: 2017/09/13

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