Volume 3, Number 3 (6-2004)                   JRUMS 2004, 3(3): 141-148 | Back to browse issues page


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Afarinesh M, Moazedi A, Abbasnejad M. The Effect of Oral Lecithin on Spatial Learning of Adult Male Rats. JRUMS. 2004; 3 (3) :141-148
URL: http://journal.rums.ac.ir/article-1-38-en.html

دانشيار گروه فيزيولوژي
Abstract:   (24590 Views)

 

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The Effect of Oral Lecithin on Spatial Learning of Adult Male Rats

 

  M. Afarinesh MSc1, AA. Moazedi PhD2, M. Abbasnejad PhD 3*

 

  1- Academic Member of Physiology, Dept. of Biology, Ahwaz University of Shahid Chamran, Ahwaz, Iran

  2- Associated Professor of Physiology , Dept. of Biology, Ahwaz University of Shahid Chamran, Ahwaz, Iran

  3- Assistant Professor of Physiology, Dept. of Biology, Kerman University of Shahid Bahonar, Kerman, Iran

 

  Background: Lecithin (phosphatidylcholine) is known as a precursor of acetyl choline. The studies on experimental animals, have shown that the cholinergic system has an important role in learning and memory. Therefore, in this study we investigated the effects of different doses of lecithin on the spatial learning.

  Materials and Methods: The adult male NMRI rats (250 ± 25 g and 4.5-5 months) were used. All animals were trained for a spatial learning task using T-maze and were trained for subsequently nine days based on standard method (n=7). Animals were divided into 5 groups as follows: Lecithin (480,240,120 IU/kg) 0.1ml/10g B.W was administrated for 9 days subsequently in groups 1-3, one hour before each day the experiments. lecithin’s sham group (group 4) received distilled water by gavaged, and the control group (group 5) received normal food.

  Results: Statistical analysis, ANOVA, has shown that lecithin, in all three doses, decreased the mean of running times (p<0.05, p<0.001, p<0.001), but it had no significant effect on the number of errors.

  Conclusion: It seems lecithin increase acetyl choline, which in turn improves the function of cholinergic system in hippocampus.

 

  Key words: Lecithin, Spatial Learning, Rat, T-maze- Figure

 

  *Corresponding author, Tel:(0341)322004 1,Fax: (0341) 3222032, E-mail: mabbas@mail.uk.ac.ir

  Journal of Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences and Health Services, 2004, 3(3) : 141-148

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Physiology
Received: 2005/12/4

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