Volume 16, Issue 12 (3-2018)                   JRUMS 2018, 16(12): 1153-1168 | Back to browse issues page

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Simbar M, Golezar S, Alizadeh S, Hajifoghaha M. Suicide Risk Factors in Adolescents Worldwide: A Narrative Review. JRUMS. 2018; 16 (12) :1153-1168
URL: http://journal.rums.ac.ir/article-1-3851-en.html
Student Research office, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IRAN.
Abstract:   (1101 Views)

Suicide is the second leading cause of death among young people in 15-29 years of age and has always been one of the major public health concerns. Suicide prevention is an integral part of the World Health Organization (WHO)’s Mental Health Action Plan 2013-2020, whereby the global target was reducing the rate of suicide in the countries by 10% by 2020. The aim of this narrative review study was to identify the risk factors for adolescents suicide worldwide.

In this study, factors associated with adolescent suicide were classified in three categories: demographic factors such as: age, gender, sexuality, race, and ethnicity; environmental factors including: lack of social and familial support, imprisonment, poor life skills, family history, the Internet, and mass media; and psychological factors including: diagnosed mental disorders, adverse life events and abuse in childhood, academic stress, use of drugs and alcohol, and cyberbullying. It seems that by knowing suicide risk factors in adolescent, appropriate preventive measures can be carried out.
Key words: Risk Factors, Suicide, Adolescence, Narrative review
 
Funding: This study was funded by "Student Research Committee" and "Research & Technology Chancellor" in Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences.
Conflict of interest: None declared.
Ethical approval: The Ethics Committee of Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences approved the study.
 
How to cite this article: Simbar M, Golezar S, Alizadeh Sh, Hajifoghaha M. Suicide Risk Factors in Adolescents Worldwide: A Narrative Review .J Rafsanjan Univ Med Sci 2018; 16(12): 1153-68. [Farsi]

Full-Text [PDF 201 kb]   (853 Downloads) |   |   Full-Text (HTML)  (1114 Views)  
Type of Study: Review Article | Subject: Environmental Health
Received: 2017/06/9 | Accepted: 2018/02/12 | Published: 2018/03/17

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