Volume 7, Issue 1 (6-2008)                   JRUMS 2008, 7(1): 39-48 | Back to browse issues page


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Sadraie S, Jalali Monfared M, Kaka G, Rezaei Y, Torkaman G, . Karimi Zarchi A, et al . Study of the Effects of Intermittent Low-Intensity Pulsed Ultrasound on Callus Formation of Tibia in Rabbit (A Radiological and Biomechanical Evaluation). JRUMS. 2008; 7 (1) :39-48
URL: http://journal.rums.ac.ir/article-1-398-en.html

Abstract:   (16295 Views)
Background and Objective: Application of low intensity ultrasound has been used for treatment of many diseases in medicine and has suggested for accelerating wound healing process, modifying scar tissue and relief of pain. The aim of this study was radiological and biomechanical evaluation of low-intensity pulsed ultrasound on callus formation of tibia in rabbit. Materials and Methods: In this experimental study 20 male white Dutch rabbits (weighting 2.5-3 kg) aged about 6 months were used. Under general anesthsia and sterile condition a standardized mid-tibial osteotomy was performed in the right tibia and bilateral external fixator was applied to the lateral aspect. The rabbits were randomly divided into control and ultrasound groups. After three days of surgery the rabbits of ultrasound group received ultrasound with 1MHz & pulsed 1:1 & 50 and 100 mw/cm2 for 15 min/day and the control groups did not recieved any treatment. The rabbits were killed at week 7 post surgery by inhalation of chloroform. Radiographs were taken following killing the animals immediately. Biomechanical test of rabbits tibiae were used and the samples were taken from the callus of fracture. Results: Radiological scoring of tibia according to density of minerallized callus in the control group was 3.50.35 and in the ultrasound group (50mw/cm2) was 2.550.25 and in the ultrasound group (100 mw/cm2) was 3.250.38. Thus there was it has no differences between ultrasound and control group in radiographs. Force maximum in the biomechanical test of the tibia in the control group was 65.756.16 and in the ultrasound group (50 mw/cm2) was 49.425.27 and in the ultrasound group (100 mw/cm2) was 79.129.63, the differences were not significant. Conclussion: These finding suggest that programmed ultrasond therapy has no effect on fracture repair and callus formation of rabbits tibiae. Key words: Ultrasound, Bone Repair, Tibia Fracture, Rabbit Funding: This research was funded by Trauma Research Center of Baghiyatallah (a.s.) University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. Conflict of interest: None declared. Ethical approval: The Ethics Committee of Research Center of Baghiyatallah (a.s.) University of Medical Sciences approved the study.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: علوم تشريح
Received: 2008/09/28

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