Volume 7, Issue 2 (9-2008)                   JRUMS 2008, 7(2): 89-98 | Back to browse issues page

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Dehghan Manshadi F, Emami M, Ghamkhar L, Shahrokhi B, Ghanbari Z. The Effect of A Three –Month Regular Aerobic Exercise on Premenstrual Syndrome. JRUMS. 2008; 7 (2) :89-98
URL: http://journal.rums.ac.ir/article-1-453-en.html
Abstract:   (16830 Views)
Background and Objectives: The Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) is a combination of distress, physical, psychological and behavioral changes that occurs in the luteal phase of the menstrual cycle. Although, the etiology of the PMS is not clear, to relief from the symptoms of this syndrome different methods including, safe exercise are recommended. The aim of this investigation was to determine the effects of a three-month regular aerobic exercise on the PMS symptoms. Material and Methods: Ninety one women aged 16-48 years (31.6±8) with regular menstrual cycle accepted to participate in this quasi-experimental study. A Modified Menstrual Distress Questionnaire (MMDQ) was used. Participants were divided into two groups: 1- Fourty eight women who did not have any past experience of regular experience and also did not have any form of aerobic exercise in the duration of this study, 2- Fourty three women who accepted to have regular aerobic exercise for a duration of three months. Twenty two women in the second group had a history of regular exercise and aerobic exercise program was only prescribed for this group. The exercise program consisted of a five-minute warming up, 45 minutes limbs and trunk fast exercise and a ten-minute stage for cooling down. Each exercise session time was an hour and was carried out three times per week during three months. Data were analyzed using SPSS and parametric tests (ANOVA, paired t-test and Pearson correlation) were used where appropriate. Results: Among women with aerobic exercise the severity of electrolytic, neurovegititive and cognitive symptoms was significantly decreased after the 3 months. Furthermore, the skin and neurovegatitive symptoms were also changed in experimental group who had a history of regular exercise. There were no correlation between age, education, marital status and severity of premenstrual syndrome symptoms. Conclusions: Based on the results of this study it can be concluded that a three-month regular aerobic exercise could reduce the severity of physical symptoms of premenstrual syndrome. Key words: Premenstrual Syndrome, Aerobic Exercise, Complications Funding: This research was funded by Shaheed Beheshti University of Medical Sciences Conflict of interest: None declared. Ethical approval: The Ethics Committee of Shaheed Beheshti University of Medical Sciences approved the study.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Gynecology
Received: 2008/12/28

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