Volume 18, Issue 12 (3-2020)                   JRUMS 2020, 18(12): 1253-1269 | Back to browse issues page

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islamic azad university
Abstract:   (968 Views)
Background and Objectives: Cadmium is a heavy metal, which has high toxicity and high accumulation properties in living tissue. The purpose of this study was to determine the efficiency of iron oxide nanoparticles in the adsorption of cadmium from aqueous media.
Materials and Methods: This laboratory study was performed in the summer of 2018. XRD (X-ray powder diffraction)  and SEM (scanning electron microscope) were used to characterize the adsorbent properties and FTIR (fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy) analysis was performed to investigate the adsorbent functional groups.Various factors in cadmium  removal were investigated such as pH, cadmium concentration, contact time and adsorbent dose. Langmuir and Freundlich absorption isotherms were used to describe absorption data. For data processing, a completely randomized block design was used.
Results: Adsorption rate was fixed after 20 minutes (61%, p=0.032). The highest adsorption was achieved at pH=7 (99%, p=0.043) and the lowest adsorption was observed with a significant difference at pH=3 (68%, p=0.048). The adsorption rate of metal, significantly different compared to the others, was the most in the concentration of 20 mg / L and the lowest in the concentration of 90 mg / L (97% and 70.5%, p=0.039). In relation to the effect of iron oxide adsorption, the highest adsorption was observed at 2 grams per liter and the lowest adsorption percentage was at 0.5 grams per liter (97.96% and 75%, p=0.047). The adsorption of cadmium by iron oxide was consistent with the Langmuir model (R2=0.4888).
Conclusion: According to the results, it is recommended to use nanoparticle coatings to increase the cadmium uptake efficiency, and it can be considered as an effective way to remove cadmium.
Key words: Iron oxide nanoparticles, Cadmium, Adsorption, Isotherms
Funding: This study did not have any funds.
Conflict of interest: None declared.
Ethical approval: The Ethics Committee of Islamic Azad University University of Khorasgan branch approved the study (Ethical approval: IR.IAU.KHUISF.REC).
How to cite this article: Hamidianfar N, Abolhasani M H, Ataabadi M. Investigation of the Effect of Using Iron Oxide Nanoparticles in Removing Cadmium from Aqueous Media: A Laboratory Study. J Rafsanjan Univ Med Sci 2020; 18 (12): 1253-69. [Farsi]
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Environmental Health
Received: 2019/01/6 | Accepted: 2019/12/15 | Published: 2020/03/20