Volume 13, Issue 3 (10-2014)                   JRUMS 2014, 13(3): 223-234 | Back to browse issues page

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Kerman University of Medical Sciences
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F. Balali Meybodi[1], S.V. Ahmadi Tabatabaei[2], M .Hasani[3]


Received: 17/09/2013 Sent for Revision: 06/11/2013 Received Revised Manuscript: 15/01/2014  Accepted: 01/03/2014


Background and Objective: AIDS is one of the most serious and fatal infectious diseases. The self-efficacy of preventive behaviors can be effective in promoting health and controlling the major problems of the world. This study was carried out to find the relationship between self-efficacy and perceptiveness, benefits and severity in regard to adopting AIDS  preventive behaviours among university students.

Materials and Methods: This study was done with 296 students in Kerman University of Medical Sciences  who were enrolled into this cross-sectional descriptive-analytic study by stratified random sampling in 2011. Data were collected by a questionnaire including demographic part, awareness-testing questions and constructs of perceived susceptibility, severity, benefits and self-efficacy. Judgment criteria for ranking the participants were levels of responding  less than 50% and over 75%. Data analysis was performed using independent t test, ANOVA, x2 test and Pearson correlation coefficient.

Results: 44.7% of the self-efficacy score, 58.8% of the knowledge score and 80.3% of perceived benefits score of students were assessed as suitable levels. While only 3.5% of sensitivity score and less than 1% of perceived severity score were in good levels. Self-efficacy score showed significant relationship with gender (p=0.004), perceived awareness (p=0.001) and perceived benefits (p=0.000) while, it released no significant relationship with age, field of study, marital status and perceived susceptibility and severity (p>0.05).

Conclusion: It seems that it will have useful results to pay attention to the role of awareness and perceived benefits in order to increasing self-efficacy of participants. It is recommended in future studies should examine the relationship between these structures and AIDS preventive behaviours.

Key words: AIDS, University students, Perceived self-efficacy, Perceived susceptibility, Perceived severity, Perceived benefits, Awareness


Funding: This research was funded by Kerman University of Medical Sciences.

Conflict of Interest: None declared

Ethical approval: The Ethics Committee of Kerman University of Medical Sciences (Ethics code: KA/90/119 ) apporoved the study.


How to cite this article: Balali meybodi F, Ahmadi Tabatabaei S.V, Hasani M. The Relationship of Self-Efficacy with Awareness and Perceptiveness Severity and Benefits in Regard to Adopting AIDS Preventive Behaviors among Students of Kerman University of Medical Sciences in 2011. J Rafsanjan Univ Med Sci 2014 13(3): 223-34.



[1]- BSc in Public Health, Research Center for Health Services Management, Institute of Futures Studies in Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran

(Corresponding Author) Tel: (0341) 2105745, Fax: (0341) 2114231, Email: f.balali@yahoo.com

[2]- MD-MPH in School of Public Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran

[3]- BSc in International Relations, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Environmental Health
Received: 2013/08/4 | Accepted: 2014/10/18 | Published: 2014/10/18

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