Volume 13, Issue 3 (10-2014)                   JRUMS 2014, 13(3): 293-304 | Back to browse issues page

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Malakootian M, Mobini M, Sharife I, Haghighi fard A. Evaluation of Corrosion and Scaling Potential of Wells Drinking Water and Aqueducts in Rural Areas Adjacent to Rafsanjan Fault in During October to December 2013. JRUMS. 2014; 13 (3) :293-304
URL: http://journal.rums.ac.ir/article-1-2067-en.html
Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences
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Evaluation of Corrosion and Scaling Potential of Wells Drinking Water and Aqueducts in Rural Areas Adjacent to Rafsanjan Fault in During October to December 2013

M. Malakootian[1], M. Mobini[2], I. Sharifi[3], A. Haghighi Pour

Received:08/02/2014       Sent for Revision:16/03/2014       Received Revised Manuscript:20/05/2014      Accepted:07/06/2014/

Background and Objective: Water corrosion leads to increase in toxic metals concentration, such as arsenic, copper, lead, cadmium, zinc, nickel, iron and manganese in water. Toxic metals in water consumers cause acute health risks. Scaling water leads to economic and technical problems. Thus, The aim of this study was to investigate the corrosion and scaling potential of wells drinking water and aqueducts in rural areas adjacent to Rafsanjan fault.

Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed during October to December in 2013. 120 water samples were totally taken  through grab sampling in two stages from 22 wells and 38 aqueducts in rural areas adjacent to Rafsanjan fault. The temperature, calcium hardness, alkalinity, total dissolved solids, and pH were measured. The potential of corrosion and scaling of waters were analyzed using corrosion Indexes. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics.

Results: Langelier indexes for 90 percent of wells and 92 percent  of aqueducts, were positive and 86 percent of wells and 84 percent of aqueducts of Rayznar index obtained less than 7. Aggressiveness index for 86 percent of  wells and 81 percent of aqueducts was more than 12 and 64 percent of wells and aqueducts of  Pockurius index was less than 6.

Conclusion:, It was realized that wells and aqueducts drinking water in rural areas adjacent to Rafsanjan fault has scaling tendency by survey of corrosion indexes. Thus, it is necessary to stop economical loss and  hygienic  harms in order to maintaine water quality stabilization.

Keywords: Scaling, Corrosion, Well and aqueduct, Drinking water

Funding: This research was funded by Kerman University of Medical Sciences.

Conflict of interest: None declared.

Ethical approval: The Ethics Committee of Kerman University of Medical Sciences approved the study.

How to cite this article: Malakootian M, Mobini M, Sharifi I, Haghighi Pour A. Evaluation of Corrosion and Scaling Potential Drinking Water Wells and Aqueducts Drinking Water in Rural AreasAdjacent  to Rafsanjan Fault in 2013. J Rafsanjan Univ Med Sci 2014; 13(3): 293-304. Farsi

 

[1]- Prof. of Environmental Health Engineering Research Center and Dept. of Environmental Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran

[2]- MSc of Environmental Health Engineering, Occupational Environment Research Center, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran

(Corresponding Author):(0391) 5234003, Fax: (0391) 5225913 , E- mail: mmobini83@yahoo.com

[3]- BSc Student of Environmental Health Engineering, Dept.of Environmental Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran

Type of Study: Research | Subject: Environmental Health
Received: 2014/02/3 | Accepted: 2014/10/18 | Published: 2014/10/18

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