Volume 14, Issue 10 (1-2016)                   JRUMS 2016, 14(10): 879-894 | Back to browse issues page

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Torkashvand F, Rezaeian M, Sheikh Fathollahi M, Mohammadreza Khaninezhad S, Hatami P, Bidaki R. A Survey on Psychiatric Disorders in Patients Improved Cutaneous Leishmaniasis In the city of Rafsanjan in 2014. JRUMS 2016; 14 (10) :879-894
URL: http://journal.rums.ac.ir/article-1-2344-en.html
Rafsanjan university of medical sciences
Abstract:   (4807 Views)

Background and Objective: Cutaneous leishmaniasis (Salak) is considered as a neglected skin disease that disfigurement and scar caused by the disease can severely affect the patient's social and psychological performances. This study addressed some of psychiatric disorders in patients recovered from cutaneous leishmaniasis in Rafsanjan city in 2014.

Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 160 patients improved cutaneous leishmaniasis in the city of Rafsanjan having medical records were examined. Information were collected using the country standard Checklist designed for patients with leishmaniasis, Beck questionnaire for depression, Hamilton anxiety scale and the Beck suicide questionnaires through interviews. Data were analyzed using non-parametric Kruskal-Wallis H test, chi-square test, and Spearman's rank correlation coefficient.

Results: The mean age of individuals was 31.01 ± 14.82 years, a majority (56.9%) of them was males and 81.9% were from rural areas. The majority of the participants were suffering from rural type Salak and 50% of them had no scar. Among people with a scar, half of them had the scar in the face and the other half in the other parts of the body (trunk, hand, and legs). Anxiety, depression and suicidal ideation reached the highest scores, respectively, and the scores were significantly higher among the patients with scar than in those without scar.

Conclusion: In overall, results indicate a high prevalence of anxiety, depression and suicidal ideation in patients recovered from cutaneous leishmaniasis remaining a scar, which necessitate studying these disorders and also mental health interventions to improve the mental state of these people.

Key words: Anxiety, Depression, Suicidal ideation, Salak, Cutaneous leishmaniasis

Funding: This research was funded by Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences.

Conflict of interest: None declared.

Ethical approval: The Ethics Committee of Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences approved the study.

How to cite this article: Torkashvand F, Rezaeian M, Sheikh Fathollahi M, Mohammadreza Khaninezhad S, Hatami P, Bidaki R. A Survey on Psychiatric Disorders in Patients Improved Cutaneous Leishmaniasis In the city of Rafsanjan in 2014. J RafsanjanUniv Med Sci 2016 14(10): 879-94. [Farsi]

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: روانپزشكي
Received: 2014/10/15 | Accepted: 2015/09/22 | Published: 2016/01/10

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