Volume 20, Issue 5 (8-2021)                   JRUMS 2021, 20(5): 503-518 | Back to browse issues page


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Ghorbani V, Jandaghiyan M, Jokar S, Zanjani Z. The Prediction of Depression, Anxiety, and Stress during the COVID-19 Outbreak Based on Personality Traits in the Residents of Kashan City from March to April 2020: A Descriptive Study. JRUMS 2021; 20 (5) :503-518
URL: http://journal.rums.ac.ir/article-1-5916-en.html
Abstract:   (3097 Views)
 
Background and Objectives: The COVID-19 pandemic and its subsequent quarantine have had various effects on the psychological and social aspects of society. Therefore, the aim of this study was to predict the level of anxiety, depression, and stress during the COVID-19 outbreak based on personality traits.
Materials and Methods: In this descriptive study, 170 adults living in Kashan from March to April 2020 were selected by convenience sampling method and answered the online questionnaires. The research tools included Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS-21) and NEO Personality Trait Questionnaire (Big Five Inventory-10). Data were analyzed using the Pearson’s correlation test and multiple linear regression analysis.
Results: The results showed that each of the psychological components had a positive relationship with the characteristic of neuroticism and a negative relationship with the characteristic of agreement (p<0.001), and also the characteristic of conscientiousness was negatively related to depression, and positively correlated with anxiety and stress (p<0.001). In addition, the results of regression analysis showed that the predictor variables (neuroticism, conscientiousness, and agreement) predict 30.4%, 20.3%, and 45.1% of changes in depression, anxiety, and stress, respectively. Also, according to the values of Beta index, it can be said that neuroticism has a stronger role in predicting all three variables of depression, anxiety, and stress.
Conclusion: According to the study findings, it can be concluded that the number of psychological problems of people during the outbreak of COVID-19 can be predicted by the characteristics of neuroticism, conscientiousness, and agreement. Given the stronger role of neuroticism, it seems necessary to provide more psychotherapeutic services in organizations for people with this characteristic.
Keywords: Personality traits, Anxiety, Depression, Stress, Covid-19, Kashan
 
Funding: This study was funded by Kashan University of Medical Sciences.
Conflict of interest: None declared.
Ethical approval: The Ethics Committee of Kashan University of Medical Sciences approved the study (IR.KAUMS.NUHEPM.REC.1399.030)
How to cite this article: Ghorbani V, Jandaghian M, Jokar S, Zanjani Z. The Prediction of Depression, Anxiety, and Stress during the COVID-19 Outbreak Based on Personality Traits in the Residents of Kashan City in March to April 2020: A Descriptive Study. J Rafsanjan Univ Med Sci 2021; 20 (5): 503-18. [Farsi]
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: روانپزشكي
Received: 2021/03/28 | Accepted: 2021/06/12 | Published: 2021/08/19

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