Volume 21, Issue 5 (9-2022)                   JRUMS 2022, 21(5): 533-550 | Back to browse issues page

Ethics code: IR.SSU.SPH.REC.1396.99

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Zarei Mahmoudabadi T, Ehrampoush M H, Talebi P, Eslami H. Paper and Cardboard Industries Wastewater Treatment by Coagulation and Flocculation Process and Optimization with Response Surface Methodology: A Laboratory Study. JRUMS 2022; 21 (5) :533-550
URL: http://journal.rums.ac.ir/article-1-6550-en.html
Assistant Prof., Dept. of Environmental Health Engineering, School of Health, Occupational Safety and Health Research Center, NICICO, World Safety Organization and Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran
Abstract:   (358 Views)

Background and Objectives: Wastewater treatment of paper recycling and cardboard industries with the aim of water recycling and reducing environmental impact is one of the daily needs of industries. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to optimize the conditions of coagulation and flocculation process in wastewater treatment of paper recycling industries using the response surface method.
Materials and Methods: In this laboratory study, response surface method and central composite design were used to design the experiments and to determine the effects of the studied variables (pH, concentrations of alum, Poly aluminum chloride (PAC), and cationic polymer) on the total suspended solid (TSS) and chemical oxygen demand (COD) removal efficiency. Data analysis was done using ANOVA statistical test with a significant level of 0.05.
Results: The results showed that in the combination of PAC with cationic polymer (optimal conditions; pH=7.5, PAC concentration=450 mg/L, cationic polymer concentration=1.5 mg/L), the TSS and COD removal efficiency were 97.34% and 75.76%, respectively. In combination of alum with cationic polymer (optimal conditions; pH=8.5, alum concentration=550 mg/L, cationic polymer concentration=2 mg/L), removal efficiencies were 98.96% and 77.83%, respectively. The simultaneous effects of two independent variables, pH and concentration, had a significant effect (p<0.05) in removing TSS and COD variables.
Conclusion: The results showed that the combination of PAC with cationic polymer had a better efficiency. Also, the COD and TSS in the final effluent were higher and lower than the standard values, respectively. Therefore, chemical coagulation process is proposed as pretreatment.
Key words: Coagulation and flocculation, Optimization, Paper and cardboard industries, Wastewater treatment, Response surface methodology
Funding: This study was funded by Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran.
Conflict of interest: None declared.
Ethical approval: The Ethics Committee of Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences approved the study (IR.SSU.SPH.REC.1396.99).
How to cite this article: Zarei Mahmoudabadi Tahereh, Ehrampoush Mohammad Hassan, Talebi Parvaneh, Eslami Hadi. Paper and Cardboard Industries Wastewater Treatment by Coagulation and Flocculation Process and Optimization with Response Surface Methodology: A Laboratory Study.  J Rafsanjan Univ Med Sci 2022; 21 (05): 533-50. [Farsi]
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Environmental Health
Received: 2022/05/18 | Accepted: 2022/08/3 | Published: 2022/09/19

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