Volume 4, Issue 4 (12-2005)                   JRUMS 2005, 4(4): 276-285 | Back to browse issues page

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Rahimi A. The Effects of Ice, Massage and Aerobic Cool-Down Exercise on Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness Syndrome. JRUMS. 2005; 4 (4) :276-285
URL: http://journal.rums.ac.ir/article-1-116-en.html
Abstract:   (13945 Views)

  The Effects of Ice, Massage and Aerobic Cool-Down Exercise on Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness Syndrome


  A. Rahimi PhD [1]


  Background and Objective : Delayed onset muscle soreness syndrome (DOMS) usually occurs after non-habitual eccentric exercises. It peaks at 24-48 hours after the exercise and disappears after 5-7 days. Most of the available treatments have failed to expedite the elimination of the symptoms of this syndrome. The current study aimed to compare ice, massage and cool-down exercise therapies to find out the most effective methods for alleviating the symptoms of this syndrome.

  Materials and Methods: 40 healthy women (mean age 21±9 years) with no routine exercise background were recruited in this clinical trial study. The subjects ran on an electrical treadmill in an -8 degrees downhill inclination with a constant speed of 5 km/hr for 15 minutes. They were then randomly received one of the ice, massage or cool-down exercise treatments. Blood Creatine Kinase (CK) enzyme level, pain, fatigue and tenderness of the subjects were compared with those of each other and with the control group.

  Results: The results of this study showed a significant difference in CK level between the first and the second tests in all groups (p<0.05). However, no significant differences were found between either of the treatment groups and the control group (p>0.05). Although pain reduced in all treatment groups, it was only significant in ice therapy group (p<0.05). In terms of fatigue and tenderness, the control group showed the highest and massage, cool-down exercise and finally the ice therapy group showed the least pain, respectively.

  Conclusion: The results of this study revealed the positive effects of all of the treatment methods used in this study in reduction of DOMS symptoms and its functional disabilities, but emphasized on ice therapy as the most effective and useful protocol.


  Key words: Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness, Massage, Ice therapy, Aerobic cool-down exercise, CK enzyme.


  [1] - Assistant Professor, Rehabilitation Faculty, Shaheed Beheshti University, Tehran

 (Corresponding author) Tel: (021)77561721, Fax: (021)77561406, E-mail: arahimiuk@yahoo.com

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Rehabilitation
Received: 2006/02/25 | Published: 2005/12/15

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