Volume 10, Number 4 (12-2011)                   JRUMS 2011, 10(4): 267-278 | Back to browse issues page


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Moradzadeh R, Hasanzadeh J, Rajaaeifard A, Tahmasebi S, Golmohammadi P. Investigation on Gene-Environment Interaction Using Breast Cancer Data a Case-Only and Case-Control Designs. JRUMS. 2011; 10 (4) :267-278
URL: http://journal.rums.ac.ir/article-1-1182-en.html

Abstract:   (11327 Views)

  Background and Objectives: The role of gene-environment interaction in epidemiology has been widely considered. The traditional methods of studying the gene-environment interaction need appropriate control groups which their selection may be associated with some problems. Therefore, new methods have been created to study these interactions from which are the case-only designs. In this method, only the cases data are being used. In this study, gene-environment interaction in patients with breast cancer was investigated using the case-only and case-control designs .

  Material and Methods: This study conducted in 2008, using two methods: matched case-control and case-only. Simple random sampling was used to select 300 patients with breast cancer in Shahid Mottahari Clinic for two aforementhioned designs. The control group for the matched case-control study was selected from the women referring to Shahid Mottahari Clinic. Data were analysed using lagistic regressian and conditional logistic regression.

  Results: The confidence intervals and log likelihood in all variables in case-only design was better than the matched case-control. In case-only design, the standard error in the following variables age at menarche, the first delivery at the age of ≥34 yrs and /or nulliparity, the number of live births, use of oral contraception pills, and breastfeeding history were less than those in the matched case-control design. In case-only design, the P-value of the above-menthined variables was less than those of the matched case-control design.

  Conclusion: The case-only design is an efficiency method for investigating of the interaction in terms of statistical study, sample size and the easily implementing.

  Key words: Case-only, Case-control, Breast cancer, Gene-Environment Interaction

  

  Funding: This research was funded by Shiraz University of Medical Sciences.

  Conflict of interest: None declared.

  Ethical approval: The Ethics Committee of Shiraz University of Medical Sciences approved the study.

  

  How to cite this article : Moradzadeh R, Hasanzadeh J, Rajaaeifard A.R, Tahmasebi S, Golmohammadi P. Investigation on Gene-Environment Interaction using Breast Cancer Data a Case-Only and Case-control Designs. J Rafsanjan Univ Med Sci 2012 10(4): 267-78. [Farsi]

 

Full-Text [PDF 315 kb]   (1280 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Statistics& Epidemiology
Received: 2011/12/24

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