Volume 5, Issue 1 (6-2006)                   JRUMS 2006, 5(1): 45-50 | Back to browse issues page

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The Removal of Chromium from Tannery Industries Effluent Using Aspergillus niger. JRUMS 2006; 5 (1) :45-50
URL: http://journal.rums.ac.ir/article-1-5407-en.html
Abstract:   (1103 Views)
Background and Objective: Tannery industries effluent contain 100-1000 mg/L Cr+3 and due to changing to Cr+6, its direct disposal into environment is potentiqlly hazardous and threaten the health of humans through contaminating to the environment. In the recent years, many studies have been carried out concerning the removal of heavy metals from synthetic effluent using fungi and algae. The aim of this study as a basic and applied, investigation is to assess the possibility of the growth of Aspergillus niger in tannery effluent and its role in removal of Chromium from these industrial wastes.
Materials and Methods: Firstly the chemical quality of tannery effluent was assessed through measuring Cr3+, total organic Carbon (TOC), total kadjeldal Nitrogen (TKN), Phosphate and pH (based on the latest standard methods for examinations of water and waste water). The ratio of carbon to nitrogen was adjusted to the optimal rate (C/N=10) prior to inoculation of 0.04-0.24% (dry weight) of A.niger into the effluent samples contained 122.5-1102.5mg/L of initial chromium. The samples were placed in a shaking incubator at 300C, 150 rpm for 24 h. The rate of fungi biomass growth, the ratio of the grown fungi biomass to the chromium concentration and the percentage of chromium removal were then determined.
Results: Findings of this experiment showed that the rate of fungi growth was increased in effluent that was initially contained 122.5 -1102.5 mg/L of Cr+3. However, effluent containing more than 1102.5 mg/L was able to stop the fungi growth. The best values of chromium removal (93.4% was observed at the initial concentration of 245mg/L (dry weight). Also the rate of biomass growth and the ratio of grown biomass to the chromium concentration were 0.4407 %  and 18 mg/mg Cr+3, respectively.
Conclusion: A.niger has an optimal growth in the tannery effluent at the chromium concentration of 122.5–245 mg/L. Analysis of variance showed that the initial concentration of chromium in effluent and/or the amount of inocalm have a significant effect on the rate of biomass growth and chromium removal efficiency (p<0.001).The chromium removal efficiency and the ratio of fungi biomass to chromium concentration decreases when the concentration of chromium is higher than 245mg/L.
Key words: Tannery industries, Aspergillus niger, Chromium removal
Full-Text [PDF 404 kb]   (378 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Environmental Health
Received: 2020/06/7 | Accepted: 2020/06/7 | Published: 2020/06/7

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