Volume 9, Number 3 (9-2010)                   JRUMS 2010, 9(3): 221-232 | Back to browse issues page


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Zare H, Nazer M, Sayyadi A. Frequency of Mental Disorders and Factors Related to Suicide in Patients Referring to Emergency Ward of Ali Ebne Abitaleb Hospital of Rafsanjan in 2007. JRUMS. 2010; 9 (3) :221-232
URL: http://journal.rums.ac.ir/article-1-822-en.html

Abstract:   (11825 Views)

  Frequency of Mental Disorders and Factors Related to Suicide in

  Patients Referring to Emergency Ward of Ali Ebne Abitaleb Hospital

  of Rafsanjan in 2007

 

  H. Zare [1] , M. Nazer [2] , A.R. Sayyadi [3]

 

  Received: 14/05/09 Sent for Revision: 24/10/09 Received Revised Manuscript: 05/04/10 Accepted: 06/05/10

 

  Background and Objectives: Suicide as a psychiatric emergency has been regarded by all psychiatrists and health professionals. In recent years, suicide has increased in all age groups especially in the adolescence age group. Therefore, in the present research it has been tried to study the frequency of mental disorders and factors related to suicide in patients referring to Emergency Ward of Ali Ebne Abitaleb hospital of Rafsanjan.

  Materials and Methods: In this descriptive study, 113 people admitted to the Emergency Ward of Ali Ebne Abitaleb hospital with diagnosis of attempted suicide were chosen. Then, the Minnesota multi-phasic personality inventory along with the questionnaire for individual characteristics and risk factors of suicide were completed for each person. Statistical tests of linear regression and correlation were used to analyze data.

  Results: The most prevalent mental disorders were depression (%58), hypochondriasis (%56), schizophrenia (%54) and anti-social personality (%54). Physical diseases with %17.7 had the least score among the ten factors. Higher percentages belonged to criteria such as depression (%57.5) and marital status (%47.8). According to the ten-item criteria of suicide risk, %7.1 of respondents needed to be hospitalized. Seventy one point six percent had the score of suicide risk at a rate that indicated voluntary hospitalization is required. There was a significant relationship between the individual's scores based on the presence of the risk factors and some disorders such as hypochondriasis, depression, being anti-social, anxiety and schizophrenia.

  Conclusion: Mental disorders are predictive of suicide. Also, concurrent presence of most of the 10 risky factors of suicide such as marital status, depression, drug abuse and adolescence age increase the risk of suicide.

  Key words: Suicide, Psychiatric Disorders, Risk Factors

 

  Funding: This research was funded by Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences.

  Conflict of interest :None declare.

  Ethical approval : The Ethics Committee of Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences approved the study.



 

  [1] - Associate Prof , Dept. of Psychology, University of Payam noor, Tehran, Iran

  [2] - PhD Student, Dept. of Psychology, Tehran University of Payam noor , Academic Member, Dept. of Psychiatry, University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran

  (Corresponding Author) Tel: (0251) 7704510, Fax: (021) 22808494, E-mail: nazerm47@yahoo.com

  [3] - Academic Member, University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran

Full-Text [PDF 264 kb]   (1623 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Psychiatry
Received: 2010/09/13

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