Volume 20, Issue 11 (2-2022)                   JRUMS 2022, 20(11): 1179-1194 | Back to browse issues page


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Zarei S, Fooladvand K. The Relationship between Family Functioning and Smartphone Addiction among Adolescents during the Coronaviruses Outbreak; the Mediating Role of Self-Esteem and Loneliness: A Descriptive Study. JRUMS 2022; 20 (11) :1179-1194
URL: http://journal.rums.ac.ir/article-1-6167-en.html
lorestan university
Abstract:   (1672 Views)
Background and Objectives: Studies have verified that family functioning has a negative relationship with smartphone addiction in adolescents. However, not much is known about the mediating mechanism underlying this relationship during the Coronaviruses Outbreak. Hence, the aim of the present study was to investigate the mediating role of self-esteem and loneliness in the relationship between family functioning and smartphone addiction.
Materials and Methods: The research design was descriptive. From the statistical population of male high school students at district 14 of Tehran in academic year of 2019-2020, a total of 281 students were selected using convenience sampling method. Data were collected using Family Assessment Device, UCLA Loneliness Scale- Version 3, Cell-phone Over-use Scale, and Rosenberg Self- Esteem Scale. To analyze the data Pearson’s correlation test and structural equation modeling were conducted.
Results: The results showed that direct effect of family functioning (β=0.11, p<0.001), self-esteem (β=0.27, p<0.001), and loneliness (β=0.23, p<0.001) on the smartphone addiction were significant. Also, the results showed that the mediating role of self-esteem (β=-0.11, p<0.01) and loneliness (β= 0.04, p<0.05) in the relationship between family functioning and smartphone addiction was significant.
Conclusion: This study revealed that the adolescents who live in better family atmosphere have higher self-esteem and experience less loneliness, and are less likely to develop smartphone addiction. Overall, these findings have some important implications for the prevention and intervention of the adolescent Internet addiction.
Key words: Smartphone Addiction, Family, Loneliness, Self-esteem, Adolescent
 
Funding: This study did not have any funds.
Conflict of interest: None declared.
Ethical approval: The Ethics Committee of Islamic Azad University, South Tehran Branch, approved the study (IR.IAU.STB.1399.015).
 
How to cite this article: Zarei S, Fooladvand Kh. The Relationship between Family Functioning and Smartphone Addiction among Adolescents during the Coronaviruses Outbreak; the Mediating Role of Self-Esteem and Loneliness: A Descriptive Study. J Rafsanjan Univ Med Sci 2022; 20 (11): 1179-94. [Farsi]
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Psychiatry
Received: 2021/08/24 | Accepted: 2021/11/9 | Published: 2022/02/21

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