جلد 22، شماره 5 - ( 5-1402 )                   جلد 22 شماره 5 صفحات 538-523 | برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها


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Miri M, Rezaeian M, Ghasemi S A. Investigating Suicidal Thoughts and Attempts among Medical Staff during the Covid-19 Pandemic: A Systematic Review. JRUMS 2023; 22 (5) :523-538
URL: http://journal.rums.ac.ir/article-1-7019-fa.html
میری مینو، رضائیان محسن، قاسمی سید علیرضا. بررسی افکار و اقدام به خودکشی در میان کادر درمان در دوران همه‌گیری کووید-19: یک مطالعه مروری نظام‌مند. مجله دانشگاه علوم پزشکی رفسنجان. 1402; 22 (5) :523-538

URL: http://journal.rums.ac.ir/article-1-7019-fa.html


گروه آموزشی اپیدمیولوژی و آمار زیستی، دانشکده بهداشت، مرکز تحقیقات محیط کار
چکیده:   (930 مشاهده)
زمینه و هدف: یکی از پیامد­های روان­شناختی ناشی از همه­گیری کووید-19، بروز افکار و اقدام به خودکشی در میان افراد جامعه و به­خصوص کادر درمان بود. بنابراین، مطالعه حاضر با هدف تعیین رفتار خودکشی در میان کادر درمان در دوران همه­گیری کووید-19 انجام گرفت.
مواد و روش­ها: مطالعه مروری نظام‌مند حاضر، در فروردین ماه ‌1402، با استفاده از موتورهای جستجوگر SID، Magiran، ScienceDirect، Google Scholar، PubMed، Springer، Scopus و هم‌چنین کلیدواژه‌های Suicide، Treatment staff، Health care workers، Nurses، Physicians، COVID-19، Coronavirus و معادل فارسی آن‌ها در ارتباط با افکار و اقدام به خودکشی کادر درمان انجام شد. تعداد 10 مقاله مورد بررسی قرار گرفت.
یافته­ها: نتایج این مطالعه نشان داد که افکار خودکشی از 31/6 تا 81/15 درصد و اقدام به خودکشی در بین کادر درمان از 8/10 تا 1/11 درصد متغیر بود. عواملی از قبیل سلامت روان نامطلوب، خواب کم، استرس زیاد، حمایت کم، کاهش اعتمادبه‌نفس، مصرف داروی روان‌گردان، نگرانی درآمد، تنهایی، انزوای اجتماعی، نداشتن فرزند، استرس ناشی از همه­گیری کووید-19، افسردگی، اضطراب و اقدام به خودکشی قبلی، از مهم‌ترین عوامل پیش‌بینی کننده اقدام به خودکشی بودند.
نتیجه­گیری: نتایج حاصل از این پژوهش ضمن تأکید بر رشد آگاهی در زمینه علل و روش­های خودکشی میان کادر درمان، ضرورت این موضوع را متوجه متصدیان و برنامه­ریزان سازمان­های بهداشتی و درمانی می­کند تا در راستای تدوین سیاست­های پیش­گیری از خودکشی در همه­گیری­ها، گام­های اصولی بردارند.
واژه­های کلیدی: کادر درمان، افکار خودکشی، اقدام به خودکشی، کووید-19، مطالعه مروری نظام­مند
 
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نوع مطالعه: مقاله مروري | موضوع مقاله: پزشکی اجتماعی
دریافت: 1402/3/21 | پذیرش: 1402/5/5 | انتشار: 1402/5/28

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