جلد 23، شماره 1 - ( 2-1403 )                   جلد 23 شماره 1 صفحات 60-46 | برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها

Ethics code: IR.RUMS.REC.1398.163

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Hosseini Z S, Ahmadinia H, Ghorashi Z, Rezaeian M. The Relationship between Domestic Violence during Pregnancy and Neonatal Outcomes: A Case-Control Study. JRUMS 2024; 23 (1) :46-60
URL: http://journal.rums.ac.ir/article-1-7032-fa.html
حسینی زهراالسادات، احمدی نیا حسن، قرشی زهره، رضائیان محسن. رابطه خشونت خانگی دوران بارداری و پیامدهای نوزادی: یک مطالعه مورد-شاهدی. مجله دانشگاه علوم پزشکی رفسنجان. 1403; 23 (1) :46-60

URL: http://journal.rums.ac.ir/article-1-7032-fa.html


دانشگاه علوم پزشکی رفسنجان
چکیده:   (43 مشاهده)
چکیده
زمینه و هدف: خشونت خانگی در دوران بارداری تهدید جدی بر سلامت جسمی، روحی و روانی مادر، جنین و در نهایت تهدید جدی بر سلامت و ساختار جامعه است. در نتیجه این مطالعه با هدف تعیین رابطه بین خشونت خانگی در طی بارداری با پیامد‌های نوزادی، در زنان باردار شهر رفسنجان انجام شد.
مواد و روش‌ها: در این مطالعه مورد-شاهدی، جمع‌آوری داده­ها با استفاده از پرسش‌نامه سه قسمتی شامل اطلاعات جمعیت ‌شناختی، خشونت خانگی و پیامد‌های نوزادی انجام شد. حجم نمونه برای گروه مورد (دارای حداقل یک پیامد نوزادی) 20 نفر محاسبه شد که برای دست‌یابی به این تعداد، انجام پرسش‌گری از 211 زن باردار مراجعه‌کننده به زایشگاه نیک‌نفس رفسنجان در سال‌های 1399 و 1400 انجام شد. به ازای هر فرد مورد، سه نفر از افراد بدون پیامد که از لحاظ سن و تعداد فرزند با ایشان همسان­ بودند، به عنوان شاهد انتخاب شدند (60 نفر). داده­ها با استفاده از رگرسیون لجستیک چندگانه تجزیه‌ و ‌تحلیل شد.
یافته‌ها: تعداد 13 نفر (7/21 درصد) از گروه شاهد و 10 نفر (50 درصد) از گروه مورد با خشونت دوران بارداری مواجهه داشته‌اند (015/0=P). نتایج رگرسیون لجستیک چندگانه نشان داد با تعدیل اثر سن همسر، شانس بروز حداقل یک پیامد نوزادی در مادرانی که در طول دوره بارداری مورد خشونت قرار گرفته‌اند 29/3 برابر مادرانی بوده که مورد خشونت قرار نگرفته‌اند (036/0=P).
نتیجه‌گیری: بر طبق نتایج مطالعه حاضر، به نظر می‌رسد خشونت خانگی باعث افزایش پیامد‌ها و عوارض بارداری می‌شود. در نتیجه برنامه‌ریزی مناسب برای اجرای فرآیند‌های مداخله‌گر و آگاهی بخش ضروری به نظر می‌رسد.
واژه‌های کلیدی: خشونت خانگی، پیامدهای نوزادی، بارداری
 
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نوع مطالعه: پژوهشي | موضوع مقاله: پزشکی اجتماعی
دریافت: 1402/4/1 | پذیرش: 1402/11/7 | انتشار: 1403/3/1

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