Volume 20, Issue 4 (7-2021)                   JRUMS 2021, 20(4): 435-450 | Back to browse issues page


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Heidarzadeh A, Dehghan M, Loripoor M, Ghanbari S. The Relationship between Pattern of Nutrition and Premenstrual Syndrome and Dysmenorrhea in Girl Students of Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences in 2018: A Descriptive Study. JRUMS. 2021; 20 (4) :435-450
URL: http://journal.rums.ac.ir/article-1-5948-en.html
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The Relationship between Pattern of Nutrition and Premenstrual Syndrome and Dysmenorrhea in Girl Students of Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences in 2018: A Descriptive Study
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         
 
A. Heidarzadeh[1], M. Dehghan[2], M. Loripoor[3], S. Ghanbari[4]
 
Received: 02/05/21      Sent for Revision: 12/05/21     Received Revised Manuscript: 26/06/21     Accepted:28/06/21
 
 
Background and Objectives: Premenstrual syndrome and dysmenorrhea have a negative effect on the personal and social performance of patients. According to the background review, nutrition can play a key role in the prevalence and severity of premenstrual syndrome and dysmenorrhea. Therefore, this study was performed to determine the relationship between nutritional pattern of female students and premenstrual syndrome and primary dysmenorrhea.
Materials and Methods: In this descriptive study, 314 female students of Rafsanjan medical sciences departments participated in 2018 as a quota. Data were collected using the Feed Frequency Questionnaire, Premenstrual Symptoms Screening Tool, and Dysmenorrhea Scale. After collecting, data were entered into SPSS version 18 software and then analyzed using Pearson’s correlation coefficient.
Results: The average daily intake of various foods per day was 3208.21±1664.16, premenstrual syndrome score 27.67±10.99 and dysmenorrhea score 5.47±2.37. Among the different food groups, there was only a weak, inverse and significant relationship between dairy consumption and premenstrual syndrome (p= 0.005, r= -0.164). There was also no significant relationship between dysmenorrhea score and dietary patterns.
Conclusion: With increasing dairy consumption by female students, premenstrual syndrome in these students decreases. Due to the weakness of this relationship in the present study, there is a need for further research in this field.
Key words: Premenstrual Syndrome, Dysmenorrhea, Nutrition, Students
 
Funding: This article is funded by Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences.
Conflict of interest: There is no conflict of interest in this study.
Ethical approval: The Ethics Committee of Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences approved this project (ethical code: IR.RUMS.REC.1397. 044).
 
How to cite this article: Heidarzadeh A, Dehghan M, Loripoor M, Ghanbari S. The Relationship between Pattern of Nutrition and Premenstrual Syndrome and Dysmenorrhea in Girl Students of Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences in 2018: A Descriptive Study. J Rafsanjan Univ Med Sci 2021; 20 (4): 435-50. [Farsi]


 
  1. - Academic Member, Dept. of Medical Surgical Nursing, School of Nursing & Midwifery, Geriatric Care Research Center, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran, ORCID: 0000-0001-5035-4454
  1. - Assistant Prof., Dept. of Medical Surgical Nursing, School of Nursing & Midwifery, Nursing Research Center, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran, ORCID: 0000-0002-4205-829X
  1. - Assistant Prof., Dept. of Midwifery, School of Nursing & Midwifery, Geriatric Care Research Center, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran, ORCID: 0000-0002-8411-1861
(Corresponding Author) Tel: (034) 34255900, Fax: (034) 34255900, E-mail: marzeyehloripoor@yahoo.com
  1. - Midwife, Student Research Center, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran, ORCID: 0000-0003-1264-1246
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Gynecology
Received: 2021/04/18 | Accepted: 2021/06/28 | Published: 2021/07/19

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