Volume 15, Issue 8 (12-2016)                   JRUMS 2016, 15(8): 765-780 | Back to browse issues page

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Farkhondehzadeh M, Golshani S. A Narrative Review on the History of Dentistry in the Islamic Civilization. JRUMS. 2016; 15 (8) :765-780
URL: http://journal.rums.ac.ir/article-1-3220-en.html
Department of Theology and Islamic Sciences of Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran.
Abstract:   (2934 Views)

Research Background and Objective: Dentistry, one of the branches of medicine, has always been of utmost significance to Islamic physicians, who addressed different aspects of dentistry and presented their viewpoints in medical texts. This study intended to investigate the significance of dentistry in Islamic medicine.

Research Methods (Methodology): Employing a descriptive-analytical research method as well as drawing on early resources, namely, Firdaws al-Hikma (literally The Paradise of Wisdom), Kitab al-Hawi Fi Tebb (literally Comprehensive Book on Medicine), Al-Qānūn Fi aṭ-Ṭibb (literally The Canon of Medicine), Kamil al-Sina'at al-Tibbiyya, Moalejat Albqratyh, and Zakhireye Khwarazmshahian, the present study sought to examine the history of the development of dentistry in Islamic civilization

Research Findings: The research findings indicated that not only did Islamic physicians use views and experiences of Greek physicians and Gondishapur Medical Center but they also completed and broadened the horizons of dentistry and based it on scientific foundations. The Islamic advances in the field of dentistry included tissue, nerve and bone dissection, pathology, diagnosis and treatment of diseases, advices on mouth-tooth hygiene and prevention methods, production of animal, plant and mineral-based drugs, and treatment of disease by tools employed by Islamic physicians for the first time.

Conclusion: In Islamic civilization, dentistry was based on scientific methods, making them experience significant advances in disease diagnosis and treatment. Moreover, as Islamic physicians highlighted mouth-tooth hygiene and prevention from disease, prevention and treatment can be regarded as the main characteristics of Islamic dentistry.

Key words: Dentistry, Islamic Physicians, Islamic Civilization

Funding: This research hasn’t funded

Conflict of interest: None declared

Ethical approval: The Ethical committee of Department of Theology and Islamic Sciences of Ferdowsi University of Mashhad approved the studi how to cite article

How to cite this article: Farkhondehzadeh M, Golshani SAR. A Narrative Review on the History of Dentistry in the Islamic Civilization. J Rafsanjan Univ Med Sci 2016; 15(8): 765-80. [Farsi]

Full-Text [PDF 551 kb]   (1312 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: دندان پزشكي
Received: 2016/03/22 | Accepted: 2016/11/6 | Published: 2016/12/14

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