Volume 18, Issue 7 (9-2019)                   JRUMS 2019, 18(7): 637-656 | Back to browse issues page

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Pourrahim Ghouroghchi A, Pahlevani M. The Effect of Resistance Training with Two Maximum and Sub-maximal Intensities on Leukocytes and Blood Coagulation Factors in Non-Athlete Men: A Clinical Trial Study. JRUMS 2019; 18 (7) :637-656
URL: http://journal.rums.ac.ir/article-1-4557-en.html
Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Faculty of educational sciences and psychology, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran.
Abstract:   (2285 Views)
 
Background and Objectives: The effects of maximal and sub-maximal resistance exercise on leukocytes and coagulator factors is ambiguous. Therefore the purpose of the present study was to determine the effect of maximum and sub-maximal resistance training intensities on leukocytes and blood coagulation factors in non-athlete men.
Materials and Methods: In this clinical trial study, 19 young non-athlete men with age 20.16±1.21­ years and weight 65.74±1.37­ kg completed maximal resistance exercise (85%­1RM [One-Repetition Maximum]) with right hand and after one week, sub-maximal resistance exercise (60%­1RM) with 3­ sets of 15 ­repetitions and 3 minutes rest intervals. 5 ml blood were taken before, immediately, 2h, 24h, 48h and 72h after exercise, and leukocytes were measured by cell counter and platelets and factor VIII by auto-analyzer. Data were analyzed by ANOVA with repeated-measures and Bonferroni, and the means of the two exercises were studied using paired t-test. 
Results: Leukocytes and coagulation factors were significantly higher than rest level immediately, 2h and 24h after both exercises (p=0.042) and then decreased to rest level 48h and 72h after training. There was no significant difference between neutrophils, lymphocytes and monocytes at different intervals after both maximal and sub-maximal exercises. However, the platelets and factor VIII after the maximal exercise were significantly more than the sub-maximal exercise (p=0.045). 
Conclusions: So, due to the higher increase of platelets and factor VIII levels after maximal intensity exercise and the risk of blood clot formation, it is suggested that non-athlete people start the resistance training program with submaximal intensity for maintaining the health.
Key words: Resistance training, Leukocytes, Coagulation factors, Non-athlete men
 
Funding: This study was funded by Mohaghegh Ardabili University.
Conflict of interest: None declared.
Ethical approval: The Ethics Committee of the Medical University of Ardabil approved the study (IR.ARUMS.REC.1397.125). 
 
How to cite this article: PourRahim Ghouroghchi A, Pahlevani M. The Effect of Resistance Training with Two Maximum and Sub-maximal Intensities on Leukocytes and Blood Coagulation Factors in Non-Athlete Men: A Clinical Trial Study. J Rafsanjan Univ Med Sci 2019; 18 (7): 637-56. [Farsi]
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: تربيت بدني
Received: 2018/12/24 | Accepted: 2019/04/17 | Published: 2019/09/19

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