Volume 13, Number 2 (6-2014)                   JRUMS 2014, 13(2): 193-204 | Back to browse issues page


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Ghasempour A, Jodat H, Soleimani M. A comparison of Psychological Well-Being in Athlete and Non-Athlete Students. JRUMS. 2014; 13 (2) :193-204
URL: http://journal.rums.ac.ir/article-1-1680-en.html

Abstract:   (4133 Views)

Background and Objective: Today researchers consider sports as one of the methods of reinforcing psychological parameters development. The purpose of the present study was to compare psychological well-being in the athlete and non-athlete (ordinary) students.

Materials and Methods: This was a cross sectional study and the statistical population included all high school students of Miyandoab city during 2012-2013 educational year. The statistical sample of the research included 100 athlete student and 100 non-athlete student who were selected through multistage cluster sampling. The participants answered Ryff’s Psychological Well-being Scale (with 0.68 reliability). Data were analyzed using independent two sample t-test and multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA).

Results: Results of t-test revealed that psychological well-being of the athlete students (81.86±14.89) was significantly higher than non-athlete students (76.13±9.22) (p<0.001). Results of multivariate analysis of variances indicated that positive relationship with others and purpose in life of athlete students (13.82±3.89 and 14.97±3.43, respectively) were significantly higher than non-athlete students (11.74±2.73 and 12.50±2.80 respectively) (p<0.001), while there was no significant difference between the two groups in terms of self-acceptance, environmental mastery, personal growth and autonomy (p>0.05).

Conclusions: The results revealed that athlete students were in better position with regard to psychological well-being, positive relationship with others and purpose in life than non-athlete students.

Key words: Athlete, Non-athlete, Psychological well-being, Students.

 

Funding: No grant has supported the present study.

Conflict of interest: None declared.

Ethical approval: The Ethics Committee of Islamic Azad University, Ayatollah Amoli Branch approved the study.

 

How to cite this article: Ghasempour A, Jodat H, Soleimani M. A comparison of Psychological Well-Being in athlete and Non-athlete Students . J Rafsanjan Univ Med Sci 2014 13(3): 193-204. [Farsi]

 

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: تربيت بدني
Received: 2013/04/4 | Accepted: 2014/06/24 | Published: 2014/06/24

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