Volume 12, Issue 10 (12-2013)                   JRUMS 2013, 12(10): 793-806 | Back to browse issues page


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Kazemian E, Dorosti- Motlagh A, Sotoudeh G, Eshraghian M, Ansary S. Nutritional Status of Women with Gestational Hypertension Compared to Normal Pregnant Women. JRUMS. 2013; 12 (10) :793-806
URL: http://journal.rums.ac.ir/article-1-2025-en.html

Abstract:   (5026 Views)

  Background and Objective: Some evidence have indicated the role of nutrition in the development of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy. So, the aim of this observational study was to compare the intakes of energy and nutrients of women who developed gestational hypertension with healthy pregnant women.

  Materials and Methods: This case-control study was performed on 113 women with gestational hypertension and 150 healthy pregnant women referring to Shahid Akbarabadi Hospital of obstetrics and gynecology located in south of Tehran from January through May 2011 . All subjects were interviewed for demographic information, and the dietary intakes of participants were assessed by Validated Semi-quantitative food frequency. Student’s t test and Mann-whitney U test were used to compare quantitative variables between groups and X2 test for qualitative variables. Finally logistic regression analysis was utilized to find the association of energy and nutrients intakes with gestational hypertension.

  Results: Intakes of energy (OR=1.38 95% CI: 1.19-1.59), mono unsaturated fatty acids (OR= 1.35 95% CI: 1.06-1.71) and poly unsaturated fatty acids (OR= 1.28 95% CI: 1.01-1.64) showed a significant positive association with developing gestational hypertension. In addition, results of the present investigation revealed a somewhat lower risk of gestational hypertension with higher intakes of vitamin C (OR= 0.88 95% CI: 0.82-0.94), potassium (OR= 0.45 95% CI: 0.29-0.71) and magnesium (OR= 0.64 95% CI: 0.49-0.84).

  Conclusion: This study demonstrated higher intakes of energy, mono unsaturated fatty acids and poly unsaturated fatty acids and lower intakes of vitamin C, potassium and magnesium are possible risk factors for developing gestational hypertension.

  Key words: Gestational hypertension, Nutritional status, Women

 

  Funding: This research was funded by Tehran University of Medical Sciences.

  Conflict of interest: None declared.

  Ethical approval: The Ethics Committee of Tehran University of Medical Sciences approved the study.

  

 How to cite this article : Kazemian E, Dorosti- Motlagh AR, Sotoudeh G, Eshraghian M.R, Ansary S. Nutritional Status of Women with Gestational Hypertension Compared to Normal Pregnant Women . J Rafsanjan Univ Med Sci 2014 12(10): 793-806. [Farsi]

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Type of Study: Description | Subject: Psychiatry
Received: 2014/01/4 | Accepted: 2014/01/4 | Published: 2014/01/4

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