Volume 17, Issue 1 (4-2018)                   JRUMS 2018, 17(1): 39-52 | Back to browse issues page

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Shahbaziyan Khonig A, Hasani O, Soleymani S. The Survey of the Role of Moral and Social Intelligence in High-Risk Behaviors of Students of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences in the 2016-2017 Academic Year . JRUMS. 2018; 17 (1) :39-52
URL: http://journal.rums.ac.ir/article-1-3961-en.html
Azarbaijan Shahid Madani University
Abstract:   (891 Views)
Background and Objectives: High-risk behaviors endanger the health and well-being of individuals. Therefore, it is important to recognize the factors that affect it. So the aim of this study was to investigate the role of moral and social intelligence components in high-risk behaviors of students.
Materials and Methods: The research method was descriptive. The population consisted of all male and female students studying at Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences in the 2016-2017 academic year that according to Krejcie and Morgan’s table, 383 students were selected by multistage cluster sampling method. For data collection Lennick and Kiel’s students’ moral intelligence questionnaire, Tromso Social Intelligence Scale (TSIS), and the youth high-risk behaviors scale were used. Data were analyzed using Pearson correlation coefficient and multiple regression analysis (stepwise).
Results: Correlation coefficients showed that except the sympathetic component with alcohol consumption and the components of truth and forgiveness with the tendency to high-risk sexual behaviors that were not meaningful, there were significant negative relationships between the other components of moral intelligence and the components of high-risk behaviors (p<0.01). Also, except the relationships between the processing of social information and social skills with tendency to high-risk sexual behaviors and the relationship between social awareness with tendency to violence and smoking that were not meaningful, there were significant negative relationships between the other  components of social intelligence and the components of high-risk behaviors (p<0.01). Also, the results of multiple regression analysis showed that the components of moral intelligence and social intelligence could significantly predict all components of high-risk behaviors.
Conclusion: Moral intelligence and social intelligence play an important role in reducing the incidence of high-risk behaviors in students. Therefore, in the educational programs for the prevention and reduction of high-risk behaviors among students, moral intelligence and social intelligence require more attention.
Key words: Moral intelligence, Social intelligence, High-risk behaviors
 
Funding: This study did not have any funds.
Conflict of interest: None declared.
Ethical approval: The Ethics Committee of the University of Shahid Madani in Azerbaijan approved the study.
 
How to cite this article: Shahbaziyan Khonig A, Hasani O, Soleymani S. The Survey of the Role of Moral and Social Intelligence in High-Risk Behaviors of Students of Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences in the 2016-2017 Academic Year. J Rafsanjan Univ Med Sci 2018; 17(1): 39-52. [Farsi]
 
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: روانپزشكي
Received: 2017/09/19 | Accepted: 2018/02/25 | Published: 2018/04/22

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