Volume 16, Issue 11 (3-2018)                   JRUMS 2018, 16(11): 1081-1088 | Back to browse issues page

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Afsharnia M, Jafarian S, Aghalari Z. Entrepreneurship Abilities in Environmental Health Graduates of Mazandaran in 2017: A Short Report. JRUMS. 2018; 16 (11) :1081-1088
URL: http://journal.rums.ac.ir/article-1-4102-en.html
Abstract:   (1496 Views)
Background and Objectives: Entrepreneurship is the process of creating a new thing by assigning time and effort along with accepting financial, physical and social risks with receiving the results of monetary rewards, personal satisfaction, and independence. In developing countries such as Iran, gaining competitive advantage and solving public problems like unemployment are bound to develop entrepreneurship. This study aimed to determine the entrepreneurship abilities in environmental health graduates of Mazandaran.
Materials and Methods: This descriptive study was carried out in 2017 using a valid and reliable questionnaire including 74 items on a 4-point Likert scale. Sampling was done among 85 graduates of environmental health in Mazandaran province in convenience method. Data were analyzed by Pearson and t-test.
Results: Among the subjects, there were 49 (57.6%) women and 72 (84.7%) BSc graduates, and 32 (37.6%) persons had temporary occupations. Ten persons (11.7%) had experienced the launch of an independent business, but only two people were able to continue business. In the components of entrepreneurship 70 persons (82.3%), independence 81 persons (95.2%), and creativity 79 persons (92.9%) were weak. There was a significant relationship between entrepreneurial ability in the two sexes, it was high in men (p= 0.012).
Conclusion: Graduates were weak in entrepreneurship. Therefore, it is necessary to plan and pay attention to enhancing the entrepreneurship capability in educational programs and educational assistance.
Key words: Environmental Health, Graduate, Entrepreneurship, Mazandaran.
 
Funding: There was no funding for this article.
Conflict of interest: No Conflict of interest.
Ethical approval: This project was not registered.
 
How to cite this article: Afsharnia M, Jafarian S, Aghalari Z. Entrepreneurship Abilities in Environmental Health Graduates of Mazandaran in 2017: A Short Report. J Rafsanjan Univ Med Sci 2018; 16(11): 1081-88. [Farsi]
 
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Environmental Health
Received: 2017/12/29 | Accepted: 2018/03/10 | Published: 2018/03/10

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