Volume 10, Issue 2 (7-2011)                   JRUMS 2011, 10(2): 138-143 | Back to browse issues page

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Malakootian M, Mesreghani M, Danesh Pazhoo M. A Survey on Pb, Cr, Ni and Cu Concentrations in Tehran Consumed Black Tea: A Short Report . JRUMS. 2011; 10 (2) :138-143
URL: http://journal.rums.ac.ir/article-1-1027-en.html
Abstract:   (13918 Views)

  A Survey on Pb, Cr, Ni and Cu Concentrations in Tehran Consumed Black Tea: A Short Report

  

  M. Malakootian [1] , M. Mesreghani [2] , M. Danesh Pazhoo [3]

  

  Received: 18/01/10 Sent for Revision: 27/02/10 Received Revised Manuscript: 09/10/10 Accepted: 24/10/10

  

  Background and Objectives : Heavy metal pollution has always been a major type of environmental contamination and a main concern for food health. Tea is the most popular beverage in Iran and the presence of heavy metal in tea has received special attention because of their direct effect on health. The aims of this study were to measure the concentrations of Pb, Cr, Ni and Cu in consumed tea.

  Materials and Methods : A cross- sectional study was designed for this research. Eleven type of the most widely consumed brands of dry black tea were purchased from local market in Tehran. Certain volumes of four samples of each brand were collected and digested with Nitric acid and Chloridric acid using wet digestion method. The final solution of digestion was used to determine the level of these metals. Heavy metal contents in each sample were determined by atomic absorption spectrometry.

  Results : The result showed that the mean concentrations of Pb, Cr, Cu and Ni in tea samples were 6.97±4.78, 5.75±1.08, 23.85±9.68, 2.91±1.9 (mg/kg), respectively. The maximum concentrations of Pb, Cr, Cu and Ni in tea samples were recorded for Ahmad tea Bag, S hilan, Golaby and dochakoshi, respectively.

  Conclusion : The results indicated that Pb and Ni concentrations in the black tea were higher than the permissible limit for the human foods, while for the other heavy metals, the amounts were lower than that. Regarding increasing trend of food sources, contamination with heavy metals and also due to their bioaccumulation in human body and the subsequent health risks, it is recommended to control these products.

  Key words : Heavy metals, Tea, Atomic absorption, Iran

 

  Funding : This research was funded by Kerman University of Medical Sciences.

  Conflict of interest : None declared.

  Ethical approval: The Ethics committee of Kerman University of Medical Sciences approved the study.

 

 How to cite this article : Malakootian M, Mesreghani M, Danesh Pazhoo M . A Survey on Pb, Cr, Ni and Cu Concentrations in Tehran Consumed Black Tea: A Short Report. J Rafsanjan Univ Med Sci 2011 10(2): 138-43. [Farsi]



  

  [1] - Professor, Dep. of Environmental Health Engineering, Kerman University of Medical Sciences , Kerman, Iran

  Corresponding Author, Tel:( 0341)3205074, Fax :( 0341)3205000 , Email:m.malakootian@yahoo.com

  [2] - Msc student of Environmental Health Engineering, Kerman University of Medical Sciences , Kerman, Iran

  [3] - Bs of Practical Chemistry, Faculty, of Dentistry, Kerman University of Medical Sciences , Kerman, Iran

Full-Text [PDF 224 kb]   (2570 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Environmental Health
Received: 2011/06/11

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